Rectal washouts are performed to decompress the lower intestine and deflate the abdomen by removing gas and stool using small amounts of Sodium Chloride 0. They are:. Neonatal procedure must be performed initially by a surgeon and further washouts need to be ordered by the consulting surgical team following patient review. This guideline is to assist clinicians performing rectal washouts for patients of all ages at the RCH. It is characterised by a lack of normal development of the nerve supply to the bowel wall ganglion cells.
A hand pump is filled with lukewarm water and a rectal cone is inserted into the rectum. By squeezing the hand pump once, water flows into the rectum. A non-return valve prevents water from running back into the system. When the cone is removed water and faeces will evacuate into the toilet. The single use cone makes rectal irrigation easy and hygienic — at home, at work or on holiday.